干燥脱屑长粉刺 医生教你7招应对“激素脸”
来源:    发布时间: 2018-07-09 18:26   70 次浏览   大小:  16px  14px  12px


面部激素依赖性皮炎,是指由于长期滥用激素药膏或暗含激素的美容化妆品,引发激素毒副作用所致的一种严重的皮肤病,也被形象地称为“激素脸”。

Facial hormone dependent dermatitis, whic

面部激素依赖性皮炎,是指由于长期滥用激素药膏或暗含激素的美容化妆品,引发激素毒副作用所致的一种严重的皮肤病,也被形象地称为“激素脸”。
Facial hormone dependent dermatitis, which is a serious skin disease caused by side effects of hormone, is also known as "hormone face" because of the long-term abuse of hormone ointment or cosmetic cosmetics containing hormone.
“激素脸”长成这个样
The hormone face looks like this
干燥脱屑长粉刺 医生教你7招应对“激素脸”
Dry desquamation, long acne doctor teaches you 7 ways to deal with "hormone face".
皮肤变薄、紧绷、发亮、潮红、毛细血管扩张,并伴有瘙痒、灼痛;脸上粉刺、丘疹、脓疱总是不见消停的痤疮样皮炎;皮肤色素沉着或色素减退;皮肤老化,出现皮肤干燥、脱屑、易挫伤,或者是皮肤变得粗糙,甚至萎缩;毳毛增粗变长等。
The skin is thinner, tight, bright, flush, capillary dilation, itching and burning; acne, papules and pustules on the face are always disappearing from acne like dermatitis; skin pigmentation or pigmentation; skin aging, skin drying, desquamation, contusion, or skin becoming rough, or even atrophy; The hair grows thicker and so on.
“激素脸”是这么来的
This is the "hormone face"
有些人在没有医生的指导下自行使用了一些中、强效激素治疗皮肤病,结果因适应症选择不当、用药部位不当,或用药时间过长,导致激素的毒副作用不同程度地破坏了皮肤的正常生理结构和功能,进而形成粉刺、痤疮、脓疱性痤疮、结节性痤疮、囊肿性痤疮等皮肤问题。
Some people use some medium and strong hormone to treat dermatosis without the guidance of a doctor. The results are due to improper selection, improper use of the medication, or too long medication, which causes the toxic and side effects of the hormone to damage the normal physiological structure and work ability of the skin to varying degrees, and then form acne, acne, and pustules. Skin problems such as acne, nodular acne and cystic acne.
另外,由于激素具有消炎退红、抑制黑素生成、水钠储留的作用,使用后有瞬间美白、嫩肤的功效,一些不良商家便利用这个“神器”制成各种具有立即白、美、嫩的护肤品。长期使用了这些含有糖皮质激素类的化妆品后,一旦停用,可导致面部皮肤产生黑斑、萎缩变薄等问题,还可能出现激素依赖性皮炎等后果,已被《化妆品卫生规范》(2007年版)列为化妆品禁用物质。
In addition, as the hormone has the effect of reducing inflammation and retreating, inhibiting melanogenesis and storing sodium water, it has the effect of instant whitening and tender skin after use. Some bad merchants make all kinds of skin care products with immediate white, beautiful and tender. The long-term use of these cosmetics containing glucocorticoids, once discontinued, can cause facial skin to produce black spots, atrophy and other problems, and may have hormone dependent dermatitis and other consequences, has been listed as a cosmetic material in the cosmetics hygienic standard (2007 Edition).
拯救“激素脸”要这样做
Save the "hormone face" to do this
“激素脸”治疗起来非常棘手,顽固而又难治愈,那么“激素脸”就无法治愈了吗?其实也不然,“激素脸”的治疗疗程虽然比较长,但如果能积极配合医生进行长期的皮肤屏障修复,平时自己正确护肤、合理饮食、注意日常生活中的微小细节,那么,最终战胜“激素脸”也不是没有可能的:
"Hormone face" is very difficult to cure, stubborn and difficult to cure. Can't "hormone face" be cured? In fact, the "hormone face" treatment course is relatively long, but if it can actively cooperate with the doctor for long-term skin barrier repair, normal skin care, reasonable diet, and pay attention to the minute details in daily life, then the final victory over the "hormone face" is not impossible:
(1)急性期冷敷、冷喷:冷敷、冷喷治疗能减轻患者局部的灼热不适等症状,清洁皮肤病使皮肤充分吸收水分,收缩真皮毛细血管,从而缓解面部紧绷感及减轻炎症反应,但需要提醒注意的是,这种方法只能减轻不适,并不能彻底根治,建议在急性期才使用,如果长期反复刺激的话,反复可能会加重“激素脸”。
(1) acute cold compress, cold spray: cold compress and cold spray can relieve the symptoms of heat discomfort in the patient, clean skin diseases to fully absorb water and shrink the dermal capillaries, thus relieving the facial tension and alleviating the inflammatory response, but it needs to be reminded that this method can only reduce discomfort and can not be used.  Radical cure, it is recommended to use in the acute phase, if repeated stimulation for a long time, repeated may increase the "hormone face".
(2)配合医生的治疗:在医生的指导下,系统或局部地使用一些药物来抑制炎症反应,修复受损的皮肤屏障。如0.1%或0.03%他克莫司软膏,具有很好的消炎作用,可以有效治疗面部皮炎,同时不会产生激素样依赖作用。
(2) cooperate with the doctor's treatment: under the guidance of the doctor, use some drugs locally or locally to suppress the inflammatory reaction and repair the damaged skin barrier. If 0.1% or 0.03% Tacrolimus Ointment has a good anti-inflammatory effect, it can effectively treat facial dermatitis, and it will not produce hormone dependent effect.
(3)清洁皮肤及护肤:激素依赖性皮炎患者皮肤敏感脆弱变薄,建议使用纯净温水或者医用温和洗面奶,以防刺激导致过敏加重皮肤潮红等,推荐丝塔芙经典温和洗面奶。此外,医学护肤品虽然在我国作为护肤品不在医院流通,但是对于激素依赖性皮炎患者,皮脂膜严重受损,即皮肤保护屏障,皮肤营养的油脂分泌严重失调,因此,医学护肤品的使用跟治疗是一样重要的。实际上是在抑制皮肤炎症进一步发展的同时,利用护肤品的有效成分促进皮肤屏障的修复。但是要注意是医学护肤品,如雅漾,理肤泉,雅莎尔等,具体使用最好咨询相关医师等专业护肤人员。
(3) clean skin and skin care: hormone dependent dermatitis skin sensitivity and vulnerability to thinner, recommended to use pure warm water or medical milder milder, in order to prevent irritation and aggravate the skin flush and so on, recommend the classic mild facial cleansing milk. In addition, although medical care products are not circulated in the hospital as skin care products in our country, but for the patients with hormone dependent dermatitis, the sebum membrane is seriously damaged, that is, the skin protection barrier and the serious imbalance of the skin nutrition oil secretion. Therefore, the use and treatment of medical skin care products are very important.  In fact, while inhibiting the further development of skin inflammation, we use the effective ingredients of skin care products to promote the repair of skin barrier. But it should be noted that medical skin care products, such as Avene, Li Quan, and jar Sarah, should be consulted with professional skin care professionals such as doctors.
(4)合理饮食:饮食上不宜吃油性过大和刺激性的食物:如奶油、咖啡、辣椒、烟酒、含糖高的糕点等,应多吃富含维生素A和维生素B的食物,如各种新鲜蔬菜、水果,多吃含锌的食物,如海鱼、鸡蛋、核桃仁等。
(4) reasonable diet: food should not eat too much and irritating food: cream, coffee, chili, tobacco and wine, high sugar cake and so on, should eat more foods rich in vitamin A and vitamin B, such as all kinds of fresh vegetables, fruit, and eat more zinc containing food, such as sea fish, eggs, walnut kernel and so on.
(5)坚持适当的体育锻炼:适当的体育锻炼可以加快血液循环,促使体内废物及时排出体外,但要注意出汗后要及时清洗皮肤,保持毛孔通畅。
(5) adhere to appropriate physical exercise: appropriate physical exercise can accelerate blood circulation, prompt the body to discharge the waste in time in the body, but should pay attention to cleaning the skin in time after sweating to keep the pores unobstructed.

(6)保持良好心态:在治疗“激素脸”的期间,要保持良好的心态,不急于求成,积极配合医生对皮肤进行慢慢的调整修复,要有战胜“激素脸”的信心,不气馁、不放弃。
(6) to maintain a good state of mind: in the treatment of "hormone face", to maintain a good attitude, not eager to succeed, actively cooperate with the doctor to adjust the skin slowly, to overcome the "hormone face" confidence, not discouraged, do not give up.
(7)光疗技术,如强脉冲光、红光、射频治疗等,可以使皮肤毛细血管扩张,增加皮肤厚度,从而达到改善“激素脸”所带来的皮肤问题。而且操作比较简单,可能引起的副作用较小。
(7) phototherapy, such as strong pulse light, red light and radiofrequency therapy, can expand the skin capillaries and increase the thickness of the skin, thus improving the skin problems caused by the "hormone face". Moreover, the operation is relatively simple, and the side effects may be less.